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The Impact of Drones on Modern Agriculture




One of the tools widely used in modern agriculture are drones. Included in the category of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), these small robots that fly over farms have revolutionized agriculture due to their ability to capture high-resolution images and accurate data quickly and affordably.

In other words, drones allow detailed monitoring of crops, early detection of problems, optimization of resources and, when integrated with consolidated data, offer tangible benefits that positively impact agricultural efficiency and productivity.

With that in mind, if you, a producer, still don't have this technology or are checking whether it's worth the investment, in this article, we'll show you the impact of drones on modern agriculture, how their integration with consolidated data brings advantages to your farm and how this technology can be applied successfully.

The Evolution of Agriculture With Drones

As we mentioned above, drones have become an essential tool in modern agriculture, replacing more traditional monitoring methods, but to achieve this there was a wave of investment for this technology to be used in agribusiness.

Coming from English, the word “drone” means “drone”, as they are like small flying insects, controlled by humans who go in the direction of the commands, capturing images and making this data available in real time with other integrated platforms.

In other words, drones are small remotely operated aircraft that were primarily used exclusively for military purposes. This means that drones became popular in agriculture long after their creation. It can be said that drones only entered agribusiness when the technology became accessible for personal and entertainment purposes.

In this way, what was previously done using calculations and spreadsheets, with manual measurement, is now done quickly, quickly and instantly with drones. Therefore, the impact of drones on modern agriculture is positive, as this technology has enabled detailed monitoring of crops, the possibility of early detection of problems, pests and diseases and, of course, the optimization of both material resources, such as inputs, and human resources. , as the workforce is more analytical than hands-on. 


What Are the Benefits of Drones in Agriculture?

In addition to the ability to carry out detailed inspections, monitor crop growth and identify problems more quickly and effectively, drones can provide producers with several other advantages.

As:

Remote sensing: through the images collected by the drone, producers are able to carry out more precise remote sensing and also build estimates of the entire productive area and harvests.

Monitoring the planting area: using the images, it is also possible to control the plantation, from the size of the planted area to the desired productivity.

Quick return on investment: as drones help in collecting data about crops, they directly offer insights into the plantation that help in reducing costs and increasing productivity and quality of the crop. This increases profits and provides a quick return on investment in technology.

High-resolution images: as the images produced by drones are of very high quality, producers are able to make decisions more quickly and thus reverse pests, diseases, lack of irrigation and nutrients more quickly than was done in the past, avoiding countless losses.

Effectively combating pests and fires in record time: as mentioned above, drones enable a significant reduction in crop losses due to pests, diseases and fires. Because, from the first signs, the drones can already capture the changes and this will be visible in the images. Producers simply need to analyze the data and take the correct measures to recover the harvest. In other words, drones help with crop health.

More precise and assertive management: through aerial mapping carried out by drones, it is possible to identify different areas for management, from the most viable to those with the greatest problems.

Environmental Preservation: in addition to the benefits listed above, monitoring carried out by drones also helps in the preservation of APPs (Permanent Preservation Areas). In other words, a technology that helps maintain the environment and the adoption of more sustainable practices.


How Does Integration of Consolidated Drone Data Expand Harvest Knowledge?


Well, as the main objective of drones is to capture data from farms and crops, integrating this consolidated data is essential so that measures can be taken in a timely manner to avoid losses and losses.

Therefore, it is necessary to build a process for storing and processing this information and have partners in the analysis department. Because, only by analyzing the images will it be possible to obtain information such as soil fertility and climate data, for example.

Therefore, the first step to consolidating this data is to have an assertive collection, which means that it is recommended to equip drones with sensors, cameras and other devices that allow collecting information about the crop, such as aerial images, temperature data, humidity , between others.

Afterwards, the data transmission phase begins, which consists of migrating data from the drone to a storage device, such as a computer, server or cloud. This transmission is done over the internet and depends on a server that is compatible with the drone system.

Then, data processing must be carried out, here it is necessary to have the help of software to analyze, filter and classify the information collected by drones and also the human capacity for analysis and decision making.

Which takes us to the next phase which is data analysis and interpretation. Made by professionals in the field, they will be responsible for analyzing and interpreting the data according to the specificities of the crop and passing on these insights to producers to make the most assertive and agile decisions.

In other words, this entire process must be created to take advantage of data from drones so that they can make a difference in your farming.



Como O Uso De Drones Na Agricultura Ajudam Na Otimização De Recursos?


Com os dados fornecidos pelos drones é possível reduzir drasticamente alguns custos das culturas. Por exemplo, como é mais assertivo e rápido a detecção de pragas, doenças, estresse hídrico, falta de nutriente, solo infertil e mudanças climáticas, o uso de recursos, como fertilizantes, pesticidas, irrigação, matérias orgânica e até mesmo prevenção de grandes chuvas só serão usados nas horas certas e nas quantidades exatas.

Ou seja, além de otimizar os recursos, garantir uma qualidade e produtividade da colheita, esses dados gerados por drones ainda minimizam o impacto ambiental. 

Tudo isso porque o monitoramento é feito em tempo real permitindo o conhecimento exato das condições das plantas, do solo e do clima. As operações agrícolas se tornam mais eficientes, pois reduz-se o tempo e custo envolvidos na coleta de dados manualmente. Os dados garantem uma precisão quase exata, permitindo que os agricultores tomem decisões mais precisas sobre as necessidades de irrigação, aplicação de fertilizantes, controle de pragas e doenças, entre outros.

E, além disso, há a redução do risco de perda da safra devido a condições climáticas extremas, doenças ou pragas, permitindo que os agricultores tomem medidas proativas para proteger suas colheitas.

Ou seja, a otimização de recursos será rotina, devido ao uso de drones na sua lavoura.


Case Studies: Check Out Examples of Farmers Who Have Successfully Adopted the Use of Drones

As the use of drones in modern agriculture has already spread in Brazil and around the world, there are several successful case studies. Below we separate farmers from Espírito Santo who told G1 how they managed to combat pests and monitor their crops using drones. Check out!

In Espírito Santo, in Marechal Floriano, in the Mountain Region, it is common for pests to appear throughout the year. Therefore, farmers in the region are now prepared for combat. However, all management was done manually.

Each year, more than 30 kilos of material were used and the spraying equipment was carried on the back. In other words, in addition to tiredness, there was a risk of intoxication and the expected result was not always obtained.

To give you an idea, per year, production in the coffee plantation in one of the producers in the region is 150 bags, however, in 2022, almost half of the production was lost (only 70 bags were harvested) due to “phoma”, a disease caused by a fungus that attacks coffee plants, causing spots on the foliage, injuries to the branches and loss of beans during formation.

With this scenario, several producers invested in the use of drones, so the idea was to combat pests and monitor the hectares of Arabica coffee in the fields. Therefore, starting this year, drones are used to monitor pests and also as equipment for spraying pesticides necessary to combat “phoma”.

So far, technology, in addition to putting an end to the disease, has also reduced producers' expenses and it is possible to notice much healthier plants.

Therefore, the use of drones in modern agriculture is a way of bringing technology to the field, automation for manual activities, assertiveness in decisions, reducing resources and ensuring better crop productivity.

Furthermore, drones are clean technologies, meaning they help to preserve the environment and adopt sustainable practices. Therefore, its adoption causes positive impacts and even if the investment is greater than expected, the return arrives quickly.

Source:Sinsix

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