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Ethanol is a consolidated path in the process of decarbonizing mobility


In 20 years, the sale of hydrated ethanol jumped 375% in Brazil and the share of biofuel in the so-called Otto Cycle, which considers the sale of hydrated ethanol and C gasoline, increased from 12.9% in 2003 to 26.4% in 2022 .

If one considers that 27% of C gasoline used in the country is made up of anhydrous ethanol, the participation of biofuel in the matrix of combustion engines exceeds 50%.

This change in the profile of car consumption in Brazil was directly influenced by the entry of flex-fuel vehicles into the market, a technology developed in Brazil that celebrates its 20th anniversary this Friday, March 24th.

Currently, more than 80% of the cars licensed per year in Brazil are flex-fuel, that is, they can use both gasoline and ethanol for engine combustion.

In 2022, according to the National Association of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (Anfavea), Brazil licensed 1,960,462 light vehicles and cars, of which 83% were with flex-fuel engines. Light diesel vehicles accounted for 11.7%, gasoline-powered vehicles accounted for 2.5%. The so-called hybrids, which combine a combustion engine and an electric motor, accounted for 2.1% of this total and electric vehicles for 0.4%.

In 20 years, the sale of hydrated ethanol jumped 375% in Brazil and the share of biofuel in the so-called Otto Cycle, which considers the sale of hydrated ethanol and C gasoline, increased from 12.9% in 2003 to 26.4% in 2022.

If one considers that 27% of C gasoline used in the country is made up of anhydrous ethanol, the participation of biofuel in the matrix of combustion engines exceeds 50%.

This change in the profile of car consumption in Brazil was directly influenced by the entry of flex-fuel vehicles into the market, a technology developed in Brazil that celebrates its 20th anniversary this Friday, March 24th.

Currently, more than 80% of the cars licensed per year in Brazil are flex-fuel, that is, they can use both gasoline and ethanol for engine combustion.

In 2022, according to the National Association of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (Anfavea), Brazil licensed 1,960,462 light vehicles and cars, of which 83% were with flex-fuel engines. Light diesel vehicles accounted for 11.7%, gasoline-powered vehicles accounted for 2.5%. The so-called hybrids, which combine a combustion engine and an electric motor, accounted for 2.1% of this total and electric vehicles for 0.4%.

“Corn ethanol is produced in Brazil from second crop production and this means that the grain does not require the opening of new areas to be planted and, therefore, does not produce GHG emissions associated with land use change. In addition, the planting of Brazilian corn is direct, allowing less use of inputs and resources than American corn. Also included in this account is the fact that corn ethanol uses energy from a renewable source, 100% of which is renewable biomass, mainly eucalyptus. All this goes into the account that makes corn ethanol one of the best sources of energy for mobility”, explains Guilherme Nolasco, executive president of Unem.

Source: JornalCana

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